Across the archipelago, Fiji has around sixty breeding species of land birds and nineteen breeding sea birds. Remarkably, some two-thirds of the land birds are endemic to Fiji – meaning they are found nowhere else on the planet! On the other hand, eleven of the land species have been introduced and are now established, breeding in Fiji. Another fifty-two species – mostly seabirds and shorebirds – visit Fiji but do not breed here.
Easy encounters with endemics.
For those who do not like to suffer too painfully to add species to their bird-list, some of the most colourful endemics may be seen around the resorts on all the main islands – for instance, the Collared Lory is often seen feeding around flowering palms and the Orange-breasted Myzomela on other ornamentals, while the Fiji Parrotfinch frequently comes out to eat grass seeds on a lawn or golf course. Harder to see but easy to hear, the Fiji Bush Warbler skulks in the hedges and shrubberies of many hotels and houses. Two other relatively conspicuous endemics, the Fiji Woodswallow and Fiji Goshawk can be seen on power lines along most of the main roads on Fiji’s larger islands, along with the Pacific Kingfisher, which is a more widespread species, albeit with distinct local subspecies.